What are entities, and how are they impacting local search marketing? Columnist Adam Dorfman tackles these questions and provides advice to local businesses looking to capitalize on this trend.
What are entities, and how have they shaped Google search?
An entity, as defined by Google in a recent patent, is:
[a] thing or concept that is singular, unique, well-defined and distinguishable. For example, an entity may be a person, place, item, idea, abstract concept, concrete element, other suitable thing, or any combination thereof.
The most visible use of entities by Google is the Knowledge Graph panels that sometimes appear in search results. These panels typically provide a summary of relevant information about an entity — information that is collected from various sources around the web and compiled into a “card” display format.
Google’s focus on understanding entities has impacted the way search results are returned. When a consumer searches for something — let’s say “Find a Starbucks near me” — Google pulls from a wide variety of digital sources to provide the best answer, including the Starbucks store locator, Yelp, and the Target store locator (because Starbucks are also located in other stores).
By contrast, under the old way of doing things, Google would have returned results for that Starbucks query by looking at a smaller set of pages, then ordering them based on the pages’ content. However, Google eventually became more thorough and sophisticated, indexing returns from a wider and wider range of content, including documents such as PDFs, images, and, as Cindy Krum has been speculating, data without any URL associated with it.
In time, Google began to develop the concept of the entity by looking far and wide to deliver the best single answer from disparate sources. Google is continuing to build more sophisticated entities as they get better and better at crawling the web and understanding context — and that includes information about brick-and-mortar locations that people find through search.
Why the focus on entities?
So, why exactly is Google placing increased emphasis on entities? A few reasons stand out.
First, with mobile overtaking desktop searches, people want a single accurate answer to their search query. They don’t have a lot of time or patience to scroll through a half-dozen possible pages about Starbucks nearby. Google needs to draw from a wider variety of sources to answer questions more concisely for people on the go.
At the same time, even as mobile users want precise, fast answers, the rise of voice search makes it common for the same users to ask more complicated questions (often much too complicated). It’s easier to use our voices to ask, “Where is a bank nearby that speaks Spanish and offers mortgage services?” And so we do. Google needs to cast a wider net to provide a concise answer to a question with multiple conditions.
How can local businesses respond to this trend?
The rise of entities means that businesses must do more than optimize location pages to be found. They need to optimize for the entire entity associated with their business. Brands need to think beyond optimizing a single location for search, such as their Google My Business page. To appear in map pack rankings, businesses need to be found on all the places that Google associates with their business.
Source: Search Engine Land